Social inclusion

Social and productive inclusion

The most significant programmes and policies for inclusion in Colombia have been evaluated by Econometría, focused on the poorest people in the country. These policies of social inclusion seek to provide support to those in poverty through income support or conditional payments. This last form of income support is the most widely used strategy to support the poorest families and encourage the accumulation of human capital, characterized by money available on the condition of regular health and child development checks, and that children remain enrolled in full-time education. In Colombia the first such programme was Families in Action which began in 2001 and became in 2012 a permanent, national programme, protected by law and with an uptake of more than a million homes. Another conditional payment programme was Youth in Action, focused on encouraging young people to remain in higher education. Other programmes aimed at the vulnerable population are those of productive inclusion.

Our contribution

Econometría has participated in conditional payment transfer programmes since their implementation in 2001, and was responsible for the first evaluations of the impact of Families in Action and Youth in Action, in alliance with the Institute of Fiscal Studies (IFS) in London. The results of these evaluations had an impact on policy-making decisions regarding such programmes, focused as they are on the most vulnerable groups in the country. This experience has enabled our organization to make important contributions to other social inclusion projects within the public sector, as well as projects carried out by actors from the private sphere which are similarly focused on the country’s most vulnerable. Noteworthy in this last category are programmes of productive inclusion.

Our impact evaluation of conditional payment programmes has extended to other contexts, such as Honduras and the Bahamas. In Honduras an evaluation was conducted on the impact of a controlled randomization model for a Better Life Voucher, and in the Bahamas a baseline was designed and developed for the RISE programme.

Econometría has similarly evaluated programmes and policies of productive inclusion which seek to generate income for vulnerable groups, such as Women Who Save (Mujeres Ahorradoras) among other examples.

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Econometría Consultores SAS I All rights reserved

Childhood and adolescence

Childhood and adolescence

Children and adolescents in Colombia are classified as those individuals between conception and 17 years of age. In accordance with Colombian legislation, they are recognized as having rights which are legally guaranteed under nine principles: best interests, the right to be prioritized, co-responsibility, enforceability, equity, social inclusion, solidarity, complementarity and subsidiarity. As such, children and adolescents in Colombia are recognized as autonomous beings and active subjects, with the right to integral physical, mental and social development, and while the family is recognized as a primary environment for children’s wellbeing, the State and wider society are also co-responsible for their overall protection.

Our contribution

Econometría has contributed to the development of understanding around the situation of children, at the different stages of their lives, through analysis, studies and evaluations of policy, programmes and public interventions aimed at boys and girls. It has likewise participated in raising awareness of the role of this age group in sectoral policies. Furthermore, we have worked with NGOs and Multilateral Organisms, such as Unicef and Save the Children, to analyze steps taken to protect the child population and to assess the level of its inclusion in public actions in relation to local development, participation and protection.

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Evaluations for the UN

Evaluations for the United Nations

At Econometría we have conducted multiple evaluations of Country Programmes, focused programmes and operations of United Nations organizations in Latin America, Asia and Africa, such as UNICEF, the World Food Programme (WFP), UNHCR, UN Women, FAO, Unesco, IOM, and ILO, among others. A long-term contract with Unicef was established to carry out evaluations of impact, examples of which include: an evaluation of the nutritional improvement programme for children in Nepal, the creation of a baseline for the programme against child marriage in Afganistan, the evaluation of the ‘Bringing Up with Love’ (Criando con Amor) programme in Honduras, the evaluation of the Country Programme in Ethiopia, and work to improve the efficiency of the organization in Africa. We have worked on an ongoing, long-term basis with the WFP since 2012 to provide services to evaluate centralized and decentralized outlines, carrying out multiple evaluations of Country Programmes, operations and strategies in Cuba, Nicaragua, Colombia, Bolivia, Haiti, Central America, the Caribbean, Guinea Bissau and Gambia, among others.

Our contribution

Econometría is the only Latin-American company to be granted a long-term contract with the WFP. We have contributed, for both the WFP and other organizations, to the search for evidence for successes and challenges in decision-making processes, with the objective of creating and implementing more relevant, effective, efficient and sustainable interventions, in areas such as food and nutrition, reduction of poverty, comprehensive development of boys and girls, gender equality, protection for refugees, and human rights.

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Forced displacement

Forced displacement due to armed conflict

Armed conflict in Colombia has given rise to serious human rights violations, and has affected millions of people who have been forcibly displaced, losing their tangible as well as intangible capitol and suffering serious psychosocial consequences. In line with the existing rights of this population, an extensive base of regulation and case-law has been developed, giving way to public policy which requires an analysis of the population, as well as institutional evaluations of results and impact.

The humanitarian emergency of displaced populations in Colombia has indeed been tackled by the United Nations, ONGs and other organizations, contributing action plans for direct alimentary and non-alimentary assistance as well as psychosocial and livelihood support, and striving for long-term solutions.

Our contibution

Econometría has participated in multiple settings with the victims of forced displacement, as well as victims of other events. On the behalf of the government we have carried out analysis of victim populations, whether of forced displacement or of other events, through home surveys carried out by our representatives across the country, and have likewise contributed to the design and evaluation of public policies. In addition, for the United Nations and other organizations, we have carried out analysis of food insecurity and vulnerability since 2003 for the World Food Programme, and have evaluated interventions aimed at this population for the PMA, PNUD, OIM, ACNUR, FUPAD and the BID.

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Monitoring systems

Follow-up and monitoring systems

The entities responsible for coordinating or executing plans, programs or projects generally require instruments that facilitate the monitoring of the status of variables of interest or the follow-up of the fulfillment of goals and objectives. In this area, Econometría S.A. has developed follow-up and monitoring tools that range from conceptual design to the implementation of computer systems that facilitate the collection, processing, visualization and analysis of information for decision-making.

For the construction of this type of tools and according to the needs identified, we are able to address a comprehensive approach to the design of follow-up and monitoring models that may include the analysis of issues such as: theory of change, value chain, logical framework for implementation, construction of baselines, definition of indicators and the design and implementation of information systems.

Our contribution

Since 2014, we have worked on the development of projects that have strengthened decision making in different organizations by providing them with follow-up and monitoring models that are integrated into their processes and way of operating, and with IT tools that provide timely, reliable and easy-to-understand information. These are some of our projects.

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Zuleima Urrea
Data Collection Director
Agricultural Engineer, graduated from the Universidad Surcolombiana with a specialization in social management from Uniminuto and a Master's degree in project management from the EAN. With experience in the design, planning, monitoring, and execution of information collection operations at the national level and in the planning, advice and support of information collection in Central American and Caribbean countries. Her experience includes the management of work teams, the management of administrative and operational aspects for qualitative and quantitative data collections, in urban and rural areas, face-to-face and virtual. She has participated in projects related to the following topics: education, health, early childhood, socioeconomics, rural finance, among others.
Zuleima Urrea
Data Collection Director
Agricultural Engineer, graduated from the Universidad Surcolombiana with a specialization in social management from Uniminuto and a Master's degree in project management from the EAN. With experience in the design, planning, monitoring, and execution of information collection operations at the national level and in the planning, advice and support of information collection in Central American and Caribbean countries. Her experience includes the management of work teams, the management of administrative and operational aspects for qualitative and quantitative data collections, in urban and rural areas, face-to-face and virtual. She has participated in projects related to the following topics: education, health, early childhood, socioeconomics, rural finance, among others.